Biopesticides, Fungicides, Pharmaceutical, R&D

ANTI-VIRUS FUNCTION of ESSENTIAL OILS and PLANT EXTRACTS

ANTI-VIRUS FUNCTION of ESSENTIAL OILS and PLANT EXTRACTS

 

VIRUS

病毒

ESSENTIAL OILS

精油

ACTIVE COMPONENTS

主要活性成分

MECHANISM

作用机制

CONCENTRATION

浓度/μg/ml

Caprine alphaherpervirus-1(CpHV-1)

α-疱疹病毒-1

Ginger essential oil

生姜

Curcumene virus inactivation 20
Herpes simplex virus-1

(HSV-1)

单纯疱疹病毒1型

Eucalyptus oil

桉树精油

1,8-Cineole, Eucalyptol, α- Terpineol, α-Pinene virus inactivation
Thyme oil

百里香

Thymol virus inactivation
Tea tree essential oil

茶树

4-Terpenol, α- Terpineol, Terpinolene virus inactivation
Cymbopogon ciratus

香茅

Citral, Limonene, Myrcene growth inhibition 0.1
Artemisia ar-borescens

乔木篙

Cholesterol, Octadecanamide growth inhibition 50/100
Origanum vulgare

牛至

Carvacrol
Sinapis arvensis

野芥

Oleanolic acid, glyceride
Lallemantia

扁柄草

Mint volatile oil

薄荷挥发油

Menthol
Star anis

八角茴香

Trans-anethole, Anisalcohol
Sweet wormwood herb

青蒿

Artemisinol, Artemisinic acid
Nux Vomica

生灰黄马钱子

Strychnine, Brucine
Aquilaria sinensi

白木香

Baimuxinol, Baimuxinicacid
Ginger

生姜

Eudesmol
Laurel

月桂

Eucalyptol, α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Ocimene growth inhibition
Juniperus oxycedrus

大果刺柏

α-Pinene, Myrcene growth inhibition
Santolina insularis virus inactivation 40
Herpes simplex virus-2

(HSV-2)

单纯疱疹病毒2型

Tea tree essential oil

茶树精华

4-Terpenol, α- Terpineol, Terpinolene
Thyme oil

百里香

Thymol
Anise

大茴香

Trans-anethole, Anisalcohol
Hyssop

牛膝草

Pinocamphone, Pinene
Ginge

生姜

Eudesmol
Chamomile

甘菊

Blue balm azulene, α-Pinene
Star anis

八角茴香

Trans-anethole, Anisalcohol
Melissa offificinalis

香蜂草

Cital
Santalum album

檀香

Santalol growth inhibition
Eucalyptus oil

桉树精油

1,8-Cineole, Eucalyptol, α- Terpineol, α-Pinene
Sweet wormwood herb

青蒿

Artemisinol, Artemisinic acid
Salvia desoleana Atzei & V. Picci

(一种鼠尾草)

Geranifolene D growth inhibition
Santolina insularis virus inactivation 40
Human herpes virus

(HHV)

人类疱疹病毒

Brittle falsepimpernel herb

母草

Perillal, D-limonene
Human rhinovirus-14

人鼻病毒14

Coridothymus capitatus

西班牙牛至

Carvacrol,
Origanum dictamnus

白花牛至

Carvacrol
Salvia fruticose

紫穗丹参

Caryophyllene, Germacrene D
Human rhinovirus-1a

(HRV 1a)

人类鼻病毒血清型1a

Thyme oil

百里香

Thymol
Human cytomegalovirus

(HCMV)

人巨细胞病毒

Garlic

大蒜

Allitridi, Diallyl disulfide, Diallyl trisulfide, Ajoeile growth inhibition 100-130
Human papillomavirus

(HPV)

人乳头瘤病毒

Antiviral AV2 Eugenol, Carvone, Nerol Geraniol growth inhibition
Human immunodeficiency virus

(HIV-1)

人类免疫缺陷病毒1型

Houttuynia cordata

鱼腥草

Capryl aldehyde, Laural aldegyde, Methyl nonly ketone
Human respiratory syncytial virus

人类呼吸道合胞病毒

Lippia origanoides

墨西哥牛至

Carvacrol, growth inhibition
Panicle lavender

穗花薰衣草

Linalool, Linalyl acetate, Cineole
Spain marjoram

西班牙马郁兰

Linalool
Abies balsamea

香脂冷杉

β-Pinene, δ-3-Carene
Peppermint

胡椒薄荷

Menthol
Influenza virus

(INF)

流感病毒

Houttuynia cordata

鱼腥草

Capryl aldehyde, Laural aldegyde, Methyl nonly ketone
Cynanchum stauntonii
Influenza A virus A/PR/8/34

甲型流感病毒

Essential oil composition

精油复方

Wild orange

野生柑橘

Clove

丁香

Cinnamon

肉桂

Eucalyptus oil

桉树

Rosemary

迷迭香

Cinnamaldehyde

Eucalyptol, Eugenol,

growth inhibition and adsorption inhibition
Tea tree essential oil

茶树精油

4-Terpenol, α- Terpineol, Terpinolene growth inhibition
Influenza A virus A/WS/33

甲型流感病毒

Thymusmastichina

马郁兰

Linalool 100
Salvia sclarea

鼠尾草

Linalool 100
Pimpinella anisum

茴芹

Linalool 100
Star anise oil

茴香油

Trans-anethole, Anisalcohol
Influenza A virus H1N1

甲型流感病毒

Eucalyptus oil

桉树

1,8-Cineole, Eucalyptol, α- Terpineol, α-Pinene
Tea tree essential oil

茶树精油

4-Terpenol, α- Terpineol, Terpinolene growth inhibition
Coridothymus capitatus

西班牙牛至

Carvacrol,
Origanum dictamnus

白花牛至

Carvacrol,
Salvia fruticose

紫穗丹参

Caryophyllene, Germacrene D
Influenza B virus

乙型流感病毒

Coridothymus capitatus

西班牙牛至

Carvacrol, growth inhibition
White oregano

白花牛至

Carvacrol, growth inhibition
Salvia fruticose

紫穗丹参

Caryophyllene, Germacrene D growth inhibition
Avian influenza virus H11N9

H11N9型禽流感

Eucalyptus oil

桉树

Eucalyptol
Tea tree essential oil

茶树

4-Terpenol, α- Terpineol, Terpinolene
Avian influenza virus

(AIV)

禽流感病毒

Mentofin Eucalyptus oil, Peppermint adsorption inhibition
Avian influenza virus H9N2

H9N2亚型禽流感病毒

Zataria multiflora (Shirazi thyme) Carvacrol, Thymol growth inhibition
New castle disease virus

(NDV)

新城鸡瘟病毒

Origanum vulgare

牛至

Carvacrol,
Clove

丁香

Eugenol
Mentofin Eucalyptus oil, Peppermint virus inactivation
Infectious bronchitis virus

(IBV)

鸡传染性支气管炎病毒

1, 8-Cineole

1, 8-桉叶素

Eucalyptol,

1, 8-Cineole

Dengue virus

(DENV)

登革热病毒

Hippophae rhamnosides

沙棘叶

Phenol, p-Cymene
Lippia alba

白棘枝

Carvone, Limonene virus inactivation 0.4-32.6
Lippia citriodora

柠檬马鞭草

Geranial, Neral, Limonene virus inactivation 1.9-33.7
Houttuynia cordata

鱼腥草水提物

Capryl aldehyde, Laural aldegyde, Methyl nonly ketone
Andrographis paniculate

穿心莲

Deoxyandrographoline
Momordica charantia

苦瓜

Palmitic acid
Dengue virus-2

(DEN-2)

登革热病毒2型

Artemisia douglasiana

加州艾蒿

Ethyl acetate, 1,8-Cineole, Camphor
Eupatorium patensLittle Joe

紫茎泽兰

p-Cymene, Bornyl acetate
Lippia citriodora

柠檬马鞭草

Geranial, Neral, Limonene virus inactivation
Lantana ggrisebachii

马樱丹属

Caryophyllene
Cymbopogon martinii var sofia

姜草

Pulegone, Menthone
Buddleja cordobensis

灯盏花

Heterothalamus alienus
Murine norovirus

(MNV)

鼠诺如病毒

Origanum vulgare

牛至

Carvacrol, virus inactivation and adsorption inhibition
Cinnamon

肉桂

Cinnamaldehyde growth inhibition
Thymus vulgaris

百香果油

linoleic acid
Cymbopogon ciratus

香茅

Citral, Limonene, Myrcene
Coxsackie virus

(CVB)

柯萨奇病毒

Lindera glauca

山胡椒

Ocimene
Coxsackie virus B4

(CV-B4)

柯萨奇病毒B4

 

Osmunda regalis

欧紫萁

growth inhibition
Senecio cannabifolius less

返魂草

Thymol, p-Cymene
Feline calici virus

(FCV)

猫杯状病毒

Cinnamon

肉桂

Cinnamaldehyde growth inhibition
Bovine viral diarrhea virus

牛病毒性腹泻病毒

Basil罗勒 Camphor, Eucalyptol virus inactivation
Junin virus

(JUNV)

胡宁病毒

Heterothalamus alienus

紫菀属

Spathulenol
Buddleja cordobensis

灯盏花

Apigenin, Kaempferol
Aloysia gratissima

芦荟

Aloenin, Aloe-emodin
Lippia turbinate
Lippia junelliana
Gaillardia megapotamica
Pectis odorata
Infectious bursal disease

(IBDV)

传染性法氏囊病

Mentofin Eucalyptus oil Peppermint
West Nile virus

(WNV)

西尼罗河病毒

Piper aduncum

树胡椒

Ocimene
Skullcap

互叶黄芩

Baicalein, Baicalin, Wogonoside
Ocotea quixos (Lam.) Eucalyptol, DillaPiole adsorption inhibition
Kosterm.
Rotavirus

(HRV)

人轮状病毒

Lippie origanoides

墨西哥牛至

Carvacrol, growth inhibition
Rotavirus 1B

(HRV1B)

人轮状病毒1B

Lindera glauca

山胡椒

Ocimene
Zika virus

寨卡病毒

Ayapana triplinervis Thymoquinone dimethyl ether growth inhibition
Hepatitis A virus

(HAV)

甲型肝炎病毒

Cinnamon

肉桂

Cinnamaldehyde growth inhibition
Zataria

扎塔里

Hepatitis B virus

(HBV)

乙型肝炎病毒

Sorrel

掌叶大黄

Rhein, Aloe-emodin, Emodin
Japanese encephalitis

(JEV)

日本脑炎

Trachyspermum ammi:Umbellifereae

阿育魏实

Thymol growth inhibition
SARS coronavirus

(SARS-CoV)

SARS冠状病毒

Laurel nobilis

月桂

Eucalyptol, α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Ocimene growth inhibition
Juniperus oxycedrs ssp.

大果刺柏

α-Pinene, Myrcene growth inhibition
Adenovirus

(hAdV35)

腺病毒

Eucalyptus oil

桉树

1,8-Cineole, Eucalyptol, α- Terpineol, α-Pinene
Lavende

薰衣草

Linalool, Linalyl acetate, Cineole
Basil

罗勒

Camphor, Eucalyptol
Salvia sclarea

鼠尾草

Linalool
Mint

薄荷

Menthol
Mumps virus

(MuV)

腮腺炎病毒

Eucalyptus globulus

桉树

1,8-Cineole, Eucalyptol, α- Terpineol, α-Pinene
Yellow fever virus

(YFV)

黄热病病毒

Limette

白柠檬

Citral
Origanum vulgare

牛至

Carvacrol, virus inactivation 100
Sweet wormwood herb

青蒿

Camphor, L-Borneol, Caryophyllene
Lippia alba

白棘枝

Carvone, Limonene virus inactivation 100
Lippia origanoides

墨西哥牛至

Carvacrol, virus inactivation 11.1
Artemisia vulgaris

艾蒿

Ethyl acetate, 1,8-Cineole, Camphor virus inactivation 100
Upper respiratory tract viral

上呼吸道病毒感染

Essential oil composition

精油复方

Coridothymus capitatus

西班牙牛至

Salvia sclarea

鼠尾草

Coridothymus capitatus, Origanum dictamnus, Salvia fruticosa growth inhibition