PINEYE™ Emulsion is a bio-based film forming. Antitranspiration property protected your crop, flowers, fruits from sun damage, and reduced stomatal opening status and water loss.

Pineye Emulsion protect your crops, fruits, flowers for sun damage.


As an impact paper (Cuijing, 2011) resulted that grown temperature effects on the net crop revenue. When the temperature increase 1°C, the total revenue of wheat in China would reduce 1.5% to 5.4%. ( You et al, 2005)

For example, the net crop revenue of season rice in Huazhong Area reduces 0.003% when the monthly sunshine time increases per 10 hours. In Northwest Area and Hua’nan Area increases 0.0030% to 0.0047%.

Net revenue of Winter wheat increases 0.03% in Hua’nan Area when the monthly sunshine time increases per 10 hours, influence is relative, net revenue reduces 0.09% in Huazhong Area and reduces 0.03% in Northwest Area.

Corn shows the same result, when the monthly sunshine time increase 10 hours, the net revenue increase 0.03% in Huazhong, Northwest and Northeast, reduces 0.01% in Hua’nan Area.

Causes Factor to Crops

Wheat Rice Corn
Temperature -0.76 -2.61 3.14
Precipitation 0.66 -1.72 1.64
Sunshine Time -0.38 0.59 -0.60

Farmers loss money due to the hot climate every year. In South Africa, 20% of ‘Golden Delicious Apple” and 40% of “Granny Smith Apple” were damaged to browning or necrosis on the surface that not be exported and sale. ( Engela Duvenage, 2014 )

In China, for example in Hangzhou, tea, hickory nuts and lotus are yield significantly less than last year due to high temperatures and strong storms. ( Xu Wenwen, 2014 ) When the temperature is over 35°C, the young tea bushes will get burned.

North America and Latin America are no escape from the sunblock. 40% of apples, such like Fuji, Braeburn and Cripps Pink can account for losses due to sunburn. In Chile, farmers loss about 13.5% of coprs and $100 million dollars every year. ( Dr.Jose Antonio Yuri )

UV (ultraviolet) radiation was responsible for the symptoms.

Sunborn on Your Crops, Flowers and Fruits

Sun damage will causes the sunburn, sunburn browning and necrotic.


Three types of sunburn have been identified in apples.( Schrader et al. 2011) Sunburn Necrosis results from high fruit surface temperature alone and appears as a necrotic spot on the sun-exposed part of fruit on the tree. ( Graeme Thomson, 2014 )

Sunburn Browning, is caused by joint exposure to high fruit surface temperatures (46C to 49C, depending on cultivar) and ultraviolet-B but does not result in cell death.

Photo-oxidative Sunburn, requires visible light and affects shaded apples that are suddenly exposed to solar radiation. Initially affected areas of the skin appear bleached and later become necrotic.

Yearly Average iMaps of Global Air Temperature by Solargis

Yearly Average iMaps of Global Air Temperature by Solargis

Di-1-p-menthene, PINEYE™

Di-1-p-menthene ( CAS 34363-01-4 ) is a key ingredient of PINEYE™, a terpene polymer derivative from pine oleoresin. Natural and green, was used as water-emulsifiable film-forming sticker adjuvant.

When PINEYE™ is sprayed on plant leaves or fruit surfaces, it is leaving a soft, flexible sticky and transparent film. This coating is partly breath and relatively lock the liquid vapours on the surfaces, decrease the amount of bio-pesticides that washed off during irrigation or rain.

PINEYE™ do not possess bio-pesticides activity, it’s a sticker adjuvant to pre-mixed in the formulation or added to the spray tank to improve bio-pesticides performance. Increasing the adhesion of solid to plant surfaces. If you choose the right adjuvant, PINEYE™ may reduce or even eliminate spray application problems, improving overall bio-pesticide efficacy.

Leaves with PINEYE Emulsion (middle) compared with competing product (right) and without plant care product (left) under high climate for 3 hours.
Leaves with PINEYE Emulsion (middle) compared with competing product (right) and without plant care product (left) under high climate for 3 hours.

Download user guide to learn more about PINEYE™ Emulison.