PINE BASED CHEMICALS FOR FLOTATION REAGENTS
Flotation collectors were mainly identified as Anionic Collectors, these are fatty acid based compounds which, such as Tall Oil Fatty Acid (TOFA). And Cationic Collectors, are typically amine-based compound, such as Gum Rosin Amine. Anionic collectors can be used in the flotation of phosphate and oxide minerals. Cationic collectors can be used in the flotation of quartz or silicates.
Gum rosin and the derivatives chiefly consist of resin acids, especially abietic acid, which capable of in the flotation of Hematite, Magnetite, and Goethite. The derivatives can neutralize to sodium soap with caustic soda, such as DERCINATE™ 70D, a rosin soap was produced by DRT. TOFA can be applied in anionic collectors, react from TOFA as pentaerythritol ester of tall oil fatty acid, such as RESINOLINE™ E500 from DRT, a foaming agent for mineral flotation.
Gum rosin amine is the other important ingredient of flotation reagents, it can react a separation of Pyrocholore from Calcite or react a separation of SiO2 from Apatite.(Herbert G Burks, Brit, 800717, 1958). Another general product is Rosins Amine D™ a rosin amine acetate produced by PDM Inc. This series contains Dehydroabietylamine about 55%, Dihydroabietylamine about 15%, Tetrahydrobietylamine about 15%, Pimaricamine about 8% and Isopimaricamine about 7%.
NOTE: DERCINATE and RESINOLINE is the trademark of DRT. Roins Amine D is the trademark of PDM Inc.
MARKET REPORT: Global Mining Chemicals Market Outlook (2014-2022)
Pine Based Chemicals For Flotaion
|Available Products||CAS||Sales Region|
|WW Grade Gum Rosin||8050-09-7||Global|
|WG Grade Gum Rosin||8050-09-7||Global|
|50% Pine Oil||8002-09-3||Global|
|65% Pine Oil||8002-09-3||Global|
|Crude Tall Oil||8002-26-4||Asia, Middle East|
|2nd Grade TOFA||61790-12-3||Asia, Middle East|
|3rd Grade TOFA||61790-12-3||Asia, Middle East|
|Ore||Cationic Collector||Anionic Collector||United Cationic & Aninoic Collector|
PINE BASED CHEMICALS ON FROTHERS/SURFACTANTS
On mining chemicals, Turpentine Oil is a key frother, we call it as “Number.2 Oil” in China. It natural contains Terpineol, which was reacted a hydration and dehydration from alpha-Pinene and beta-Pinene. Turpentine oil was generally identified as Gum turpentine, Crude sulfate turpentine (CST) and Wood turpentine. It’s a by-product of papermaking in North America, they are using CST as the main material of frothers.
Frothers effect the quality and number of bubbles. They also influence the touching between mineral particles, which would increase the adhesion of hydrophobic mineral particles touch on small and rich foam, so that separate of hydrophilic particles.
Terpineol has a rigid structure in an Alcoholic hydroxyl and compounds with a six-membered ring containing a double bond. It has better stability than Linear alcohol. The structure reduces the flexibility of bubble wall and keeps foam maintaining the shape. See figures as below, comparing with other alcohols, Terpineol has the moderate height of foam and a better half-life at different concentrations.